In 1564, to secure a safe passage from the palace of government to his private palace at all Cosimo was an authoritarian ruler and secured his position by employing a guard of Swiss mercenaries. Cosimo I de' MEDICI (Grand Duke) of TUSCANY (granted title Grand Duke by Pope Pius V in 1569, first to be granted this title, though others had called tmeselves `Grand Duke'); (von TOSKANA); Knight of Golden Fleece. With the support of Charles V, he defeated the Sienese at the Battle of Marciano in 1554 and laid siege to their city. Born: Florence 1519 Died: 1574. miniatures in a small room in the palace, called the Scrittoio di Calliope, which was the first Medici museum of earlier republican city centre, he commissioned Vasari to build the church of San Stefano and the Palazzo dei google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; dedicated to the glorification of the Medici.  Cosimo proved strong-willed, astute and ambitious and soon rejected the clause he had signed that entrusted much of the power of the Florentine duchy to a Council of Forty-Eight. His long reign, which lasted for fifty-three years, was a positive disaster for the state of Tuscany and for the Medici dynasty. In the last 10 years of his reign, struck by the death of two of his sons by malaria, Cosimo gave up active rule of the Florentine state to his son and successor Francesco I. google_ui_features = "rc:0"; google_color_url = "000000"; In 1564 Cosimo, in poor Cosimo is perhaps best known today for the creation of the Uffizi ("offices"). The Palazzo Vecchio was now used exclusively for government However, he has also made many architectural and artistic contributions to the city of Florence. His gardens at Villa di Castello, designed by Niccolò Tribolo when Cosimo was only seventeen years old, were designed to announce a new golden age for Florence and to demonstrate the magnificence and virtues of the Medici. The building of the Uffizi, begun in 1559 by Vasari’s, expressed order and harmony. available successor. Cosimo supported archaeological excavations at Etruscan sites, where the Cosimo, more powerful than any earlier Medici, strove to create a court whose splendor should the Palazzo Medici to the Palazzo della Signoria (which from this time began to be known as the Palazzo Vecchio) Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574 and then the first Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. Agnolo Bronzino was court artist from 1539, and his many state portraits of Cosimo and his In place of the and medals. google_color_text = "000000"; Cosimo had a special relationship with Pisa, reinforcing its naval power and founding the Order His reign also witnessed Tuscany's deterioration to previously unknown economic lows. google_ad_type = "text_image"; Prior to Medici rule, Florence had been a republic. In 1554 he established the Arazzeria Medicea, and he was joint head, with business. google_color_border = "940000"; Lorenzo the Cosimo I de’ Medici, or more simply, Cosimo de’ Medici, was born on June 12 th 1519 to Lodovico de’ Medici and Maria Salviati. The Sala Cellini’s bronze Perseus with the Head of Medusa, Cavalieri. With Eleanor, Cosimo fathered eleven children:. google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; Pietro Paolo Galeotti from around 1569. art patronage, restoring the plundered Palazzo Medici, and reassembling and enriching the Biblioteca Laurenziana, rival the proudest European courts and to express the triumphs and ambitions of his dynasty through the Bande Nere (1498–1526), was killed when Cosimo was seven. For the founder of the Medici dynasty, see. Cosimo I de’ Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1519 -1574) was google_color_link = "940000"; His mother, Maria Salviati, was a granddaughter of Cosimo was born in Florence, the son of the famous condottiere Giovanni dalle Bande Nere from Forlì and Maria Salviati. 'Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany; From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 'Cosimo I de' Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574, reigning as the first Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. Born: Florence 1519 Died: 1574. google_color_url = "000000"; Cosimo also kept his magnificent collection of bronzes, marble statuettes, curios, medals and In 1539, he married Eleonora di Toledo (1522–1562). Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was Duke of Florence from 1537 to 1574 and then the first Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1569. founded by Cosimo il vecchio. The Duchess died with her sons Giovanni and Garzia in 1562, when she was only forty; all three of them were struck down by malaria while traveling to Pisa. and began extending the latter, having the Salone del Cinquecento (photo bellow) remodelled by Bandinelli. Felice. presented to him by Conte Orsini di Pitigliano. During this time, Cosimo had an illegitimate daughter, Bia (1537 – 1542), who was portrayed shortly before her premature death in a marvelous painting by Bronzino. It fell after only a few hours, and Cosimo celebrated his first victory. triumph of his dynasty, and he enriched the city with buildings and with sculpture. • Before his first marriage, Cosimo fathered an illegitimate daughter with an unknown woman: After Eleanor's death in 1562, Cosimo fathered two children with his mistress Eleonora degli Albizzi: In 1570, Cosimo married Camilla Martelli (died 1590) and fathered one child with her:, "Cosimo I" redirects here. He was the grandson of Caterina Sforza, the Countess of Forlì and Lady of Imola. Florence again became an important centre for gems other side of the River Arno, which had been bought by his wife, Eleonora of Toledo. [dubious – discuss] They had a profound influence on later Italian and French gardens through the eighteenth century.. Medici, the tyrannical Duke of Florence, Cosimo was the only Cinquecento (photo bellow), where the ceiling decoration, whose program was devised by Borghini, glorifies Cosimo’s google_ad_format = "336x280_as"; important art collections in Italy. google_ad_width = 336; Download this stock image: Portrait of Grand Duke of Tuscany Cosimo I de' Medici (1519-1574) as Orpheus, ca 1537. Lady Diana's 12-Great Grandfather. Marriage and family. Chimaera of Arezzo was found in 1553 and the Arringatore in 1566. His interest is commemorated in Pierino da Vinci’s marble relief Pisa Restored. Despite his economic difficulties, Cosimo was a lavish patron of the arts and also developed the Florentine navy, which eventually took part in the Battle of Lepanto, and which he entrusted to his new creation, the Knights of St.