They’ve become an elegant, trendy houseplant solution thanks to their sweet smell, their waxy evergreen leaves, and the introduction of dwarf varieties that will produce even indoors (and yes, even in Alberta). They’ll thrive outdoors in summer, and in winter put them in the sunniest window you have. He's written four books and almost 500 articles, all devoted to empowering and inspiring Alberta gardeners. What’s the Difference Between a Meyer Lemon Tree vs. a Eureka Lemon Tree? A native of Northeast India, they’ve witnessed pivotal epochs of our history unfold as they’ve traveled across the world. PO Box 3093 Sherwood Park, AB T8H-2T1 1 km south of Wye Road on RR 232 (Brentwood Blvd), Salisbury Greenhouse - 52337 Range Rd 232, Sherwood Park, AB T8H 2T1 Phone: 780.467.5743 - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, The 5 Trendiest Houseplants You Need To Get, Care Guide for Popular Holiday Gift Plants, The Pros and Cons of Real vs Artificial Christmas Trees. Alberta Lemons: A Starter’s Guide If starting from seed you’ll need to be patient; it usually take a tree 3-6 years to start producing. You certainly can – there are all kinds of dwarf citrus varieties available now (even a hybrid lemon lime variety that grows both fruits on the same tree! If your lemon tree abruptly drops its leaves, don’t panic. There are several different varieties of dwarf lemon trees available with the most popular being the Meyer lemon. Citrus plants grow best between 55 degrees Fahrenheit and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. This is to prevent accumulation of nasty salts around the roots. Are your lemon tree flowers falling off? In order to flower, citrus trees need a day and night temperature difference of five to 10 degrees. No matter how sunny the window, they still won’t get their preferred 12 hours of light a day (6 hours minimum) so you may need to provide a grow light in the winter. Thanks to you for making us what we are these past 51 years! Trees can be purchased from your local … Meyer lemons resemble an orange in shape, color and pulp, more than they do a true lemon. Most citrus trees bloom in spring and then set fruit that is ready to harvest in fall and winter, although you may see stages of blossoms, fruit growth and fruit maturity all year round. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Citrus fruits can be touchy. As well as writing books, Rob Sproule is a gardening columnist in the ‘Edmonton Journal’ and the ‘Sherwood Park.”, Salisbury Greenhouse Even placement in a sunny window may not be enough light for an indoor citrus plant if the windows in your home have coatings that prevent infrared and ultraviolet light from getting in. It takes a lot of work to create blossoms and grow large fruit such as a lemon. “Those yellow spots are most likely the result of chlorosis, a lack … They thrive in poor, acidic soils, so a well-draining mix of potting soil and peat moss. If you don't have that, give them an all-purpose or acid-loving plant fertilizer that supplies at least a 2-1-1 ratio. This variety is slightly sweeter than the traditional lemon trees. Grocery store lemons, grown on commercial farms, are harvested from 15-20’ trees. You’ll typically only need 1 tree to produce fruit, as most varieties are self-fertile. I Have a Lemon Tree That Is Two Years Old and Has Never Bloomed; Is There Something Wrong? You don’t need to be fancy when you do. Both Meyer and eureka lemon trees are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9 and higher, but Meyer lemon trees are more cold-hardy than eureka, which are one of the least cold hardy lemon varieties. If you’re new to lemon tree care, a dwarf Meyer lemon tree is a good way to go. Regardless of the type, lemon trees of all kinds are popular with home gardeners because of their lush green foliage and juicy, flavorful fruit. Eureka lemons can have yellow-and-green variegated skins and flesh with a distinctly pinkish hue. Container grown lemons are either specific varieties that yield at a very small size (like the Meyer) or larger varieties that have been grafted onto dwarf rootstock. Wait until your outdoor temperatures are consistently above 50 degrees Fahrenheit before you move your potted lemon trees outdoors. One sign that your potted lemon tree may need more fertilizer is yellowing leaves. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Ideally, lemons want to suck up as much light as possible. Your plant store may also have some fertilizer labeled specifically for citrus, especially if you live in an area where a lot of citrus is grown. In orchards, most citrus can grow more than 20 feet tall in the ground, but dwarf types can be kept at a manageable 3 to 5 feet tall in containers, which makes them perfect for sunny spots in the house. Vanessa is an avid gardener with experience helping things grow in the three corners of the country where she has lived — Florida, Pennsylvania, and Oregon. University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program: Indoor Citrus, National Gardening Association: Flower Drop on Lemon Tree - Knowledgebase Question, National Gardening Association: Edible Landscaping - Edible of the Month: Lemons and Limes, Oregon State University: Pucker Up, It’s Time to Talk Lemons. Outdoors, wind and insects do a lot of pollination, so if you notice that your potted lemon tree flowers but has no fruit or has very small fruit, hand-pollinating can help, says University of Wisconsin-Madison Master Gardener Program. With smooth, bright yellow skin sporting a hint of orange color and flavor when fully ripe, the dwarf Meyer lemon tree can fruit indoors or outside, in pots or in the ground in temperate zones, 8-11. She is also a journalist and marketing content creator who enjoys cooking and eating, both helpful hobbies for a gardener. Lemon trees are becoming a go-to houseplant as people discover their incredible scent, elegant foliage and that you really can grow real lemons. Oregon State University says that flower, fruit or leaf drop can happen when there is not enough water. Used for food, medicine, and perfume for the very rich, lemons trees adorned the gardens of Roman nobility and were painted on walls in ill-fated Pompeii.
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